“Financial Crime and Material Support Schemes Linked to al-Qa’ida and Affiliated Movements (AQAM) in the United States: 1990 to June 2014,” found 98 material support schemes and 52 financial schemes linked to AQAM in that time period.
The report, authored by Brandon A. Sullivan, Joshua D. Freilich and Steven M. Chermak, defines financial schemes as illicit financial operations involving activities carried out by perpetrator(s) to obtain unlawful gain or economic advantage through deliberate deception. Material support schemes are defined as acts taken to aid terrorist activities and groups, such as providing resources, supplies, equipment, training personnel or other critical non-monetary support.
More than 95% of material and monetary support schemes linked to AQAM were motivated by ideology. However, only 50% of perpetrators involved in such schemes had a direct association with AQAM, while 33% were sympathizers or supporters with indirect connections, and 17% were non-extremist collaborators motivated by non-ideological goals, such as profit.